People who have obesity are more prone to some fatal health risks and health conditions. Actually, in the United States, 1 out of 5 people are dying because of obesity.
Till 2013 all these deaths are declared as a direct reason such as heart attack, liver failure or diabetes, etc. In 2013 Obesity was declared an illness by the American Medical Association. This is due to the growing number of health risks associated with obesity.
Obesity, in particular, affects nearly every condition of health, from reproductive and pulmonary function to cognition and mood. So, I decided to make you aware of the health risks that are linked with obesity.
After reading this in-depth article you will be more familiar with obesity health risks and can take preventive measures seriously.
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Top 10 Obesity Associated Health Risks
Obesity-related health problems are more common in men with a waist size of 94cm or more and women with a waist size of 80cm or more.
Obesity must be handled since it can lead to a number of significant and potentially life-threatening disorders in addition to noticeable physical changes.
If your BMI is 40 or more, you may be at below risk for obesity-related health problems.
Recommended Reading: How to Avoid Obesity Easily for Getting Healthy Life
High Blood Pressure:
Obesity is one of the leading causes of hypertension or high blood pressure.
According to studies, an estimated 1.56 billion people worldwide will have high blood pressure by 2025. This represents a 60% increase over the figures from 2000.
Your heart has to work even harder to pump blood through your body if you’re overweight or obese. However, all of that extra pumping effort strains your arteries. As a result of your arteries resisting the flow of blood, your blood pressure rises.
Obesity and high blood pressure are not mutually exclusive. If your BMI is greater than 30, you are at a considerable risk of having high blood pressure. Especially, if you tend to carry your weight around your belly, you’re at a higher risk.
In addition to taking blood pressure drugs, you may need to undertake various lifestyle modifications.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which your blood glucose, often known as blood sugar, is too high.
Recently, researchers conducted a systematic review of 89 studies on the health risks associated with obesity. The data was then statistically summarised, or meta-analyzed. Diabetes was the most dangerous of the 18 weight-related disorders they discovered.
Males with BMIs of 30 or above had a sevenfold increased chance of acquiring type 2 diabetes than men in the normal weight range. Women with a BMI of 30 or higher were also shown to have a 12-fold increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
Losing weight and becoming more physically active can help you control your blood sugar levels when you have type 2 diabetes. Getting more active can also help you cut down on your diabetes medication.
As of now, you come to know that being overweight increases your risk of high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. Both of these health disorders increase the risk of heart disease.
The term “heart disease” refers to a variety of issues that can affect your heart significantly. Obesity is linked to a variety of cardiovascular risk factors.
You could have a heart attack, heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina, or an irregular heart rhythm if you have heart disease.
As BMI rises, so does the risk of coronary heart disease and death from cardiovascular disease.
The good news is that even a small amount of weight loss can lower your risk of heart disease.
Losing 5 to 10% of your body weight can reduce your risk of heart disease. If you weigh 200 pounds, dropping just ten pounds can reduce your risk of coronary artery disease.
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is unexpectedly cut off. A blockage or breaking of a blood artery in your brain causes it. Stroke can damage brain tissue, leaving you unable to talk or move certain body parts.
Obesity and stroke risk are linked in a direct, graded way, according to a meta-analysis of 25 prospective cohort studies with 2.3 million individuals. Obesity increased the risk of ischemic stroke by 64% while being overweight increased it by 22%.
Eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are the greatest ways to help you prevent a stroke. Obesity and the associated health risk of stroke can be controlled by adopting these lifestyle adjustments.
If you’ve already had a stroke, making these improvements will help lower your chances of having another one.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea:
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is a condition in which a person’s breathing stops for a brief period of time while sleeping. Obesity and OSA are linked in a linear fashion.
People who are overweight or having obesity are more likely to have sleep apnea health risks.
This is due to the fact that obese people have more fat around the neck, which causes the airway to narrow. Snoring and trouble breathing at night might be caused by a narrowed airway.
According to a four-year longitudinal study of overweight and obese American individuals, the change in weight is closely proportional to sleep-disordered breathing.
Obstructive sleep apnea’s health risk rises with age and body mass index (BMI). Weight loss can help reduce the amount of excess fat in the neck and reduce the risk of sleep apnea.
OSA, on the other hand, is a complicated illness with no one symptom or trait that can be treated.
Obesity is linked to a higher risk of practically every pregnancy problem. This can raise the risk of difficulties throughout pregnancy, delivery, and after the baby is born.
Insulin resistance, high blood sugar, and high blood pressure are more common in overweight or obese pregnant women.
Obesity is linked to a higher risk of poor pregnancy outcomes, as well as mother and infant death. The majority of obese pregnant women are completely unaware of the issues they confront.
According to one study, almost 60% of pregnant women with a BMI of 40 or higher experienced one of these problems.
If you’re having obesity issues and planning to have a baby, you should start a weight-loss program right away to minimize the health problems listed above.
Consult your doctor about the kind of physical exercise you can engage in while pregnant.
The health risk of osteoarthritis (OA) is induced by aging joints, injuries, and obesity. Lower back pain, joint pain, and stiffness are all indications of OA.
Primary osteoarthritis is caused by the breakdown of cartilage, a rubbery material that reduces friction in your joints. It can affect any joint, but the fingers, thumbs, spine, hips, knees, and big toes are the most commonly affected.
Osteoarthritis can strike numerous family members at the same time. It’s possible that a gene mutation has been passed on from parents to their children.
Don’t forget the importance of diet while making a plan to combat your osteoarthritis (OA). There is no particular diet that will cure your illness, but if you eat wisely, you can reap significant health benefits. When you maintain a healthy weight, that develops strong cartilage and reduces inflammation.
Obese people are more likely to get osteoarthritis. If you’re overweight, losing weight can help with OA symptoms.
Obesity has lately been established to be a separate health risk factor for erectile dysfunction in males.
79 percent of males with erectile dysfunction have a BMI of 25 kg/m2 or more. A BMI of 25-30 kg/m2 is linked to a 1.5-fold increase in the chance of sexual dysfunction, while a BMI of over 30 kg/m2 is linked to a 3-fold increase in the risk of sexual dysfunction.
Diabetes and obesity are responsible for 8 million occurrences of erectile dysfunction in the United States.
Obesity appears to be linked to erectile dysfunction at any point in a person’s life. Erectile dysfunction is caused by obesity to a much greater extent than by aging.
Hormonal imbalance, insulin resistance, and physical inactivity are the mechanisms that cause obesity to have an independent effect on erectile dysfunction.
Obesity is unquestionably a risk factor for erectile dysfunction on its own. Bodyweight decrease is fundamental for erectile dysfunction treatment in obese people.
Over the last few decades, physicians and researchers have noticed a growth in liver disorders. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, in particular, is linked to an increase in obesity and overweight.
This health risk occurs when the liver becomes clogged with fat. Liver Cirrhosis is a condition in which excess fat damages the liver or causes scar tissue to form.
Obesity and weight gain have been linked to a higher risk of fibrosis advancement. Fat loss may play a role in the protective effect of weight loss against fibrosis progression.
Diet and exercise are important lifestyle factors in the prevention and treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Fatty liver disease usually has no visible symptoms, but if left untreated, it can lead to liver failure. The only method to reverse or manage the disease is to lose weight, exercise, and prevent alcohol drinking.
By 2050, it is expected that half of the UK population would be obese, resulting in the health hazards outlined above, as well as kidney disease.
Although kidney disease can strike anyone, obesity can also induce renal disease in people who are otherwise healthy.
Water retention, which causes swelling of the face, limbs, and abdomen, is the most prevalent symptom of renal impairment in lupus. Protein leaks into the urine as a result of damaged glomeruli.
Blood in the urine and elevated blood pressure are further signs of kidney injury.
Other symptoms, such as itching and muscle cramping, may appear if kidney damage is progressed.
Kidney disease can be avoided by losing weight. It can be difficult to lose weight successfully, but setting realistic goals and sticking to a diet plan is a great way to lose weight without having to exercise.
Obesity can have a negative influence on both your physical and emotional health.
You may not know where to start, but making efforts to manage your weight now can help you avoid the health risks linked with obesity.
Consult your physician about increasing your physical activity, eating a healthy diet, seeing a therapist, and other therapy options.
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